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History of the Canoe

The canoe is one of Canada's most enduring symbols. Aboriginal peoples developed these watercraft over thousands of years. The country's vast system of lakes and rivers demanded a mode of transportation rugged enough to handle its rocky shores yet light enough to carry over land.

The canoe played a central role in the exploration and economic expansion of Canada by European explorers and traders. Using Aboriginal peoples' water routes and adopting their watercraft, Europeans were able to travel inland from the St. Lawrence River to the Great Lakes and on to Western Canada.

Related Links:
Canadian Canoe Museum

Wave Eaters - Native Watercraft in Canada - Canadian Museum of Civilization

Temagami Nastawgan - Interactive Map of the Temagami Anishinawbeg First Nation (northern Ontario)

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A Dogrib boy in a birchbark canoe ( Canadian Museum of Civilization, no. 26062)
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Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada